With the implementation of the Food Safety Modernization Act of 2011 (FSMA), food safety practices are undergoing their largest re-haul since the Food, Drug and Cosmetic Act of 19381. FSMA has provided much needed updates to food safety practices, an emphasis on traceability, and a large focus on produce. However, FSMA will change the farming and food industry as a whole. The poultry industry, where most of the Kathariou Lab’s Campylobacter isolates come from, may also be effected. To understand how FSMA will affect the poultry industry one has to understand FSMA. It is also important to keep in mind that meat, poultry, and eggs are covered under the USDA so FSMA (which effects the FDA) will not effect them directly. However, the effects of FSMA will ripple into all parts of the food industry so these kinds of changes might take place in the USDA several years down the road.